Beijing is the capital city of the People’s Republic of China and the country’s political, cultural and international exchanges center.
The city’s history dates back three millennia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political center of the country for much of the past eight centuries. The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks and gardens, tombs, walls and gates, and its art treasures and universities have made it a center of culture and art in China Beijing has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites — the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, Great Wall, and the Grand Canal.
The Tian’anmen Square, located in the center of Beijing, is the largest of its kind. Over a hundred years, many ceremonies and demonstrations have been held here. The spacious square was originally meant to demonstrate majestic imperial power, walled in on the eastern, western and southern sides, shutting out common people. The present Tiananmen Square has become a relaxing place for people to fly kites and walk. On holidays, the whole square is covered with fresh flowers.
The Temple of Heaven, is the largest existing complex of ancient sacrificial buildings in China. It is a masterpiece of royal sacrificial buildings complexes and one of the best symbolic illustrations of Chinese cosmology. Located in southern Beijing, the Temple of Heaven has been one of the most sacred places for more than five centuries, serving as sacrificial buildings for the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) emperors, and is the largest in the city, among several royal altars to Heaven, Earth, the Sun, the Moon and other deities or symbolic forces of Nature.
The Summer Palace landscape, dominated mainly by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, covers an area of 2.9 square kilometers, three quarters of which is under water. Its 70,000 square meters of building space features a variety of palaces, gardens and other ancient-style architectural structures. Well known for its large and priceless collection of cultural relics, it was among the first group of historical and cultural heritage sites in China to be placed under special state protection.
The Beihai (North Sea) Park is located in downtown Beijing, about 500 meters northwest of the Forbidden City and Jingshan Hill, which is one of the earliest and best-preserved imperial gardens in the country. The park was initially built in the Liao Dynasty (916-1125) and was repaired and rebuilt in the following dynasties including Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing (1115-1911). Large-scale rebuilding in the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) established the present scale and pattern of Beihai Park. In 1925, the park was first opened to the public, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world every year.
Most famous attraction of China, the Great Wall is definitely a symbol of the country as well as Chinese civilization in general.